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Solutions to Econ Chapter 24 Key Questions - Cloud Essays

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# Solutions to Econ Chapter 24 Key Questions

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#### Solutions to Econ Chapter 24 Key Questions

24-3     (Key Question)  Why do economists include only final goods in measuring GDP for a particular year?  Why don’t they include the value of stocks and bonds sold?  Why don’t they include the value of used furniture bought and sold?

24-8     (Key Question)  Below is a list of domestic output and national income figures for a given year.  All figures are in billions.  The questions that follow ask you to determine the major national income measures by both the expenditure and income methods.  The results you obtain with the different methods should be the same.

 Personal consumption expenditures Net foreign factor income Transfer payments Rents Statistical discrepancy Consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) Social security contributions Interest Proprietors’ income Net exports Dividends Compensation of employees Taxes on production and imports Undistributed corporate profits Personal taxes Corporate income taxes Corporate profits Government purchases Net private domestic investment Personal saving \$245 4 12 14 8 27 20 13 33 11 16 223 18 21 26 19 56 72 33 20

1. Using the above data, determine GDP by both the expenditure and the income approaches. Then determine NDP.
2. Now determine NI: first, by making the required additions and subtractions from GDP; and second, by adding up the types of income and taxes that make up NI.
3. Adjust NI (from part b) as required to obtain PI.
4. Adjust PI (from part c) as required to obtain DI.

24‑11   (Key Question) Suppose that in 1984 the total output in a single-good economy was 7,000 buckets of chicken.  Also suppose that in 1984 each bucket of chicken was priced at \$10.  Finally, assume that in 2000 the price per bucket of chicken was \$16 and that 22,000 buckets were purchased.  Determine the GDP price index for 1984, using 2000 as the base year.  By what percentage did the price level, as measured by this index, rise between 1984 and 2000? Use the two methods listed in Table 24.6 to determine real GDP for 1984 and 2000.

24-12   (Key Question)  The following table shows nominal GDP and an appropriate price index for a group of selected years.  Compute real GDP.  Indicate in each calculation whether you are inflating or deflating the nominal GDP data.

 Year Nominal GDP, Billions Price index (2000 = 100) Real GDP, Billions 1964 1974 1984 1994 2004 \$663.6 1500.0 3933.2 7072.2 11734.3 22.13 34.73 67.66 90.26 109.10 \$ ______ \$ ______ \$ ______ \$ ______ \$ ______
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