Religion and Sociology

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  • Impact of African American Women’s Incarceration on their family


    What is the impact of African American Women’s Incarceration on their family?

    Soc 515 – Research Methods and Study Design Final Paper

    The research proposal is the capstone of this course and will serve as the ultimate demonstration of your knowledge in preparing for research and selecting a method.  The proposal should demonstrate sound sociological reasoning by connecting your research to larger societal issues and/or policy improvements.

    Guidelines:  Papers should be 10-15 typewritten pages in length, with no more than 1 inch margins on all sides.  Papers should be typed in 12 pt. Times New Roman or similar font (Garamond, Calibri, etc).  All papers should include at least 10 scholarly books and/or articles and all citations and references should be formatted according to the American Sociological Association Guidelines.  Points will be deducted for arguments and sources that are not properly cited or cited at all.

    Contents:  Papers will consist of sections that are identical to scholarly research articles.  Therefore, each paper should include an introduction, a literature review, a methodology section, a results section, a discussion section, and end with a conclusion.  Each of these sections, except the introduction, should be clearly marked with bolded or underlined headings.

    1.    Introduction – Introductions should begin with you identifying your topic of interest and presenting your specific, updated research question.  It is important that your research questions are properly constructed and that they demonstrate the improvements suggested in research assignment #4.  DO NOT include flowcharts or any of the technical construction terms in the introduction (α or β).  Simply state your updated and correctly constructed research question.  Why study this problem sociologically?  How widespread is it?  What social forces are shaping, causing, or changing it?  Introductions that do not demonstrate the use of sociological reasoning will not receive favorable grades.  Here you are being asked to demonstrate above average knowledge and use of the sociological perspective.  Arguments should be clear and concise and should avoid abstract and/or passive language (“society knows” or “it is said” or “everybody knows”).  Finally, if your work is deductive, present hypotheses about your outcomes.  If your work is inductive, present your guiding questions and reflect on what you expect to find.

    2.    Literature Review – This section should include a thematic summary of the scholarly books and articles you found for RA #5, a discussion of limitations, as well as your remedy for the limitations.
    a.    Thematic Summary – Using the 10 scholarly books and/or articles in RA #5, provide a summary of the themes that you found in these articles.  What do previous researchers know about your dependent variable?  Which factors (or independent variables) do they say impact it?  You are to summarize, compare, and contrast the themes that appear in these findings.  Do all your sources report the same findings?  If not, how do their findings differ?  Do they report different aspects of the same concept?  Remember that the goal of this phase of the literature review is synthesis.  What does this broad body of work say about your dependent variable?  Use the literature reviews in the articles and books you found as a template.

    b.    Discussion of Limitations – After you summarize the themes of the articles/books, present at least 2 critiques of this body of research.  One critique must be substantive.  Substantive critiques call into question WHO and/or WHAT is studied.  It will be helpful to think back to Sprague’s critiques of what and how we study.  Is there something else that these researchers should have considered?  Are there other factors/variables that they did not account for?  Was the research conducted on teens when it should have looked at adults?  Was the research conducted on rural children rather than urban children?  Has this question only examined the outcomes for white women rather than women of color?  Be specific and analytical in your critique.  How do these limitations sociologically and systematically bias the findings presented in these studies?
    Your other critique should be a methodological critique.  This critique calls into question HOW their topics were studied.  Do the previous researchers conduct quantitative work when a more rich and in-depth qualitative analysis was necessary?  Why would that be necessary?  What would we specifically get from a qualitative analysis of this topic that we do not get from a quantitative analysis?  Do they issue individual surveys when a focus group design would have been a better fit for their research questions?  In what way would the information be different?  Are they studying one case when a cross-sectional design would have been more useful?  Are there certain aspects of your dependent variable that they did not account for?  Are there alternative explanations that they did not go into?  This section is essentially where you identify the “gaps in the literature”.  In this section, it is very important that you provide detailed, well-argued examples for the limitations that you identify.  Please do not just provide a list of things that you think are wrong.  Be cautious and thoughtful in how you critique because YOUR study must be able to remedy these limitations.
    NOTE:  Is very important that your discussion of limitations shows the use of sociological reasoning.  Remember that as social scientists, we are concerned     with empiricism rather than value judgments.  Therefore, your discussion of limitations is not for you to rant about what is “bad” or “wrong” about the article nor is it for you to evaluate how much the literature matches with your experience or opinion.  Rather you are evaluating how well other scientists have empirically investigated your topic.

    c.    Remedy of Limitations – Given the specific limitations that you discussed above, present a remedy for these limitations.  In other words, how does your study substantively and methodologically “make up” for the shortcomings of previous research?  Do you include the groups that you argue previous research excluded?  Why is it necessary to include these groups?  How would they sociologically and systematically differ from the groups that have already been studied?  Do you ask the questions that they didn’t ask?  Do you employ the study designs and strategies that you claim they should have?  Be very specific about how you will improve our understanding of this topic.  Explain how your study fills these gaps.

    3.    Methodology – this section is the most important section of your paper and if it is not done successfully, you will not earn a favorable grade on the proposal.  It is in this section that you demonstrate your knowledge of sampling and research design selection.  This section should not be approached haphazardly.  Your sampling strategies and specific research methods must emanate from your research question, the remedies that you identify in your literature review, as well as the ontological and epistemological orientations that you have developed over the course of the semester.  An ontological constructionist would not conduct experiments.  A positivist would not be interested in the subjectivity inherent in semi-structured interviews.  You must demonstrate thorough knowledge of all of the various levels of decision-making that go into designing a research study.

    a.    Sampling – Identify your population of interest.  Then using everything you know about sampling, describe how you will recruit participants for your study.  Is your work quantitative or qualitative?  As a result, which type of sampling will you employ, probability or non-probability?  Next identify the specific type of sampling you will use.  Simple random?  Snowball?  Multi-stage cluster?  How will you go about getting a sampling frame?  What is your target sample size?  Why that size?  How will you select the people/entities who will participate?  How will potential participants be notified of your study and indicate that they will participate?  Will you use fliers, cold calling, students in a sociology class?  Additionally, discuss the ways that your sample may be biased.  As with the literature review, please use the methodology section of scholarly books and articles as a template.

    b.    Method – Now that you have described your sampling and recruitment strategy, identify the method that you will use to collect data from your participants.  Your decision must derive from your research question and selection of quantitative or qualitative work.  Justify why this method would be better than other similar methods in obtaining the information needed to answer your research question.  So if you have selected a qualitative method, why is your selection better than other qualitative methods?  If you have selected a quantitative method, why is this selection better than other quantitative methods?  Explain how this particular method will go about improving our understanding of this topic.  For example, why are you using a focus group rather than one-on-interviews?  Why pass out a questionnaire rather than engage in structured observation?

    c.    Procedure/Materials – Describe in detail how you will go about implementing the method you identified above.  What will participants actually have to DO in your study?  Will data collection and interaction with participants be in public places or private homes?  How will you decide?  Additionally, what equipment or materials are necessary for your study?  Will you be audiorecording?  Will you be observing various elements and checking them off of a list?  Attach a correctly constructed copy of all lists, surveys, questionnaires, etc. to the proposal.

    4.  Conclusion – Complete your proposal by reminding us of your research question and its sociological importance.  Also briefly recap how your study fills in the gaps left by other researchers as well your hypothesis or expectations for the study.  Next, talk about the limitations of your study and suggest future directions for research in this area.

  • Group Communication Competencies Survey SOC/110 Version 8


    Group Communication Competencies Survey SOC/110 Version 8

    Group Communication Competencies Survey

    Part 1

    On a 5-point scale, where 5 is “extremely important” and 1 is “not at all important,” rate the following types of group competencies in terms of their importance for becoming a highly effective group member. Circle (or highlight) one number for each item.


    Part 2

    When you are finished, write a 350- to 525-word summary of your results and ways to improve your competency. You may write your summary at the bottom of this document, or in another Word document.


    Member and Group Competencies Extremely Important Very Important Somewhat Important Not Very Important Not at All Important
    1. Understand the group communication process.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Reduce your nervousness when speaking in a discussion or meeting.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Understand, respect, and adapt to diverse group members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Communicate openly and ethically.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Carry out critical task roles, by asking questions and summarizing ideas, and social roles, by encouraging and supporting members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Influence group members to change their attitudes and behavior.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use and interpret nonverbal communication effectively.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Develop clear group goals.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Listen appropriately and effectively to other members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Intervene appropriately to resolve member and group problems.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Develop effective interpersonal relationships with group members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Manage and resolve interpersonal conflicts.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Develop and follow a well-organized meeting agenda.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Actively contribute to group discussions.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use gestures, body language, and eye contact effectively.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Demonstrate strong leadership skills.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Research and share important ideas and information with group members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use visual aids and presentation software effectively.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Plan and conduct effective meetings.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use appropriate procedures for group decision making and problem solving.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Ask questions to clarify ideas and get needed information.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Motivate group members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use assertiveness strategies and skills confidently and effectively.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Respect and adapt to group norms, or standards of behavior.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Prepare and deliver effective presentations or oral reports.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use appropriate and effective words in a group discussion.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use parliamentary procedures effectively and fairly in meetings.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Use effective technologies and skills to communicate in virtual groups.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Develop and present valid arguments and opinions in a group discussion.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Provide appropriate emotional support to group members.
    5 4 3 2 1
    1. Other strategies or skills:




    5 4 3 2 1

  • Creative Problem Solving and Decision Making Skills Action Plan


    SOC/110 Week 5 Creative Problem Solving and Decision Making Skills Action Plan

    Create an 8- to 10-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation with detailed speaker notes answering the following questions:

    • What conflict styles have you encountered while working in groups? How will your approach to conflict change in the future based on what you have learned in this course?
    • What group cohesion strategies will you apply in future team work? Describe these strategies and how they strengthen group work.
    • What is your own decision-making style? Describe this style and how you will apply it to future group work.
    • How will you approach problem solving in the future based on what you have learned in this course? Describe your strategies and how you will apply them to future group work.

    Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.
    Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

  • Week Three Post-Discussion Reaction Form SOC/110 Version 6


    Week Three Post-Discussion Reaction Form SOC/110 Version 6

    Week Three Post-Discussion Reaction Form

    At the end of your weekly discussions, answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words. Be honest. You will not be graded on any negative responses.

    Group Interaction

    1. How clear was the intent of the discussion?
    2. How prepared were your group members for the discussion?
    3. Did everyone participate equally in the discussion?
    4. Were group members open to different points of view?
    5. How would you describe the overall climate of the discussion?
    6. Did you feel your group was productive in the discussion? Did you use the time efficiently?
    7. What strategies can you use in future discussions to increase productivity and outcomes?
    8. What approach will you take next time to increase group cohesion?

    Video Analysis – “Planning A Playground”

    1. What are the issues in this meeting?
    2. What did they do well as a group?
    3. Can you identify constructive or deconstructive conflict occurring in this group? What are some key indicators? What conflict styles do you see?
    4. Based on what you learned this week, how might you handle this situation differently?

    Video Analysis – “The Politics of Sociology”

    1. What are the issues in this meeting?
    2. What did they do well as a group?
    3. What types of conflict do you see in this video? Provide examples.
    4. There is a clear leader in this video. What can he do to be a better leader for this group?
    5. Based on what you learned this week, how might you handle this team situation differently?


  • Arabic Language in Danger in Qatar and the UAE



    Research Question:

    Is Arabic Language in Danger in Qatar and UAE?

    Professor Instructions:

    For the research paper, you will be writing an argumentative essay.  Your task in this assignment is to enrich your understanding of a relevant issue that is of a general interest.  You are expected to take a position on that issue and to support your views and justify your choices.  In order to carry out this analysis successfully, you will need to dig deeper into both primary and secondary sources beyond your immediate experience and beyond the readings in our textbook.  Simply put, you will be conducting research.  Your inquiry should take into account not only how the object of analysis is consumed and how it works, but also how it is perceived, analyzed, and understood.  In sum, you will be required to look into what a certain issue means in light of the debates surrounding it.  It is important to keep in mind that this is a focused research paper which deals with a specific issue you strive to better understand.  The length of your paper should be 5-6 double-spaced pages.

    So far, you have chosen your topic, gotten it approved, identified your research questions, collected information from the library, and reviewed your sources. Now you’re in a position to start writing your paper.  You will attempt to organize your ideas in terms of global goals (setting your overall aims and claims) and local goals (mapping ways of achieving these aims at the paragraph level).  While it is good to be confident about your findings and argument, I urge you to treat your position flexibly and not to be reluctant to reconsider your priorities, refocus your goals, and diverge from your initial formulations, and explore new possibilities.  It would probably not be possible to write your paper in one sitting.  So plan to devote blocks of time to think through the issues, do the readings, write, rewrite, revise, and edit your work. Note that you will be expected to use research material and provide at least 5 quotations from various sources in your paper.

  • Idea of dignity – To Be Like God


    Academic essays value clear expression of well-supported ideas/arguments, rather than mere opinion. This assignment asks you to explain the idea of dignity offered by Himes and the Catholic Bishops; it then asks you to explain how the idea of dignity might present a challenge and a promising impact in the life of an individual.  Try to focus on your ideas and how they are supported. Use Himes and the Catholic Bishops to think through dignity and the way it either is or is not a “promise” in people’s lives. Remember, this is an interpretive essay, so although your voice is present in the challenge and promising impact you choose, your own personal opinion about ‘dignity’ is not a main focus of this essay. Instead, you are being asked to think critically about the concept that has been presented to you.
    Your essay should be well structured, with a main idea sentence (a “thesis”) that puts forth the two things (challenge and promising impact) you will discuss and the point you want to make about them. The next sentences should be dedicated to the interpretation you are offering for each point, including citations for material you use to support each point. Finally, you are to conclude, summing up and synthesizing your claim about the concept of dignity, namely what promise and peril it may offer as one reflects on it for life.

    Be sure to cite specifically from the video and the USCCB page. In APA style, full, direct quotations are rare. Instead, you must paraphrase or summarize what you are using from these two sources, being sure to cite what you summarize or paraphrase.

  • Three Theological Statements


    Three Theological Statements

    Theological Statements – authority of Scripture, marriage and family, gender and sexuality

    Instructions are as follows:
    You will produce 3 Theological Statements that specifically address key theological issues in the church: authority of Scripture, marriage and family, gender and sexuality.

    Each statement must be 500 words, use current Turabian formatting, and include 2–3 academic, theological sources for each statement that must be footnoted. You must also include 3–5 key biblical texts for each statement.

  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender rights vary


    Why do lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender rights vary across countries?

    A Result of Integrating Religion into Politics


    • Introduction
    • What are rights?
    • The lack of LGBT Rights in Iran
    • LGBT rights vary over countries: The Religion Factor
    • LGBT rights vary over countries: The ignorance factor
    • LGBT rights vary over countries: The Geographic Location factor
    • Conclusion

    8 Pages

  • Latino and American Gender Roles


    Latino and American Gender Roles

    Paper Contents

    • Cross-Culture: Gender Role Conflict
    • Role of Men and Gender Role Conflict in Different Culture
    • Dimensions of the gender role conflicts
    • Egalitarian Gender Ideology
    • The Male status and Culture
    • Women Role and the Gender Role Conflict
    • Gender-role Egalitarianism and Female Role
    • Comparison and Contrast to the United States Culture

    8 Pages