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    The paper discusses the topic “HOW TO BETTER PREVENT OFFSHORE OIL SPILL”

    Sensitivity to oil pollution of the marine environment has increased, and oil spills are still perceived to be a very serious issue. In the past few years, oil spills have occurred, causing loss of human life, damage to seabirds and other wildlife inhabitants, and economic loss for the oil companies and local fisherman. The publication One-petro will be used heavily for this research. Based on the results of the research, the following three best possible solution will be focused and further researched. To begin with, oil and shipping industry employees should be trained and organize frequently drills. Therefore, they can have a plan in place to respond fast and prevent oil spills. In addition, technology should be used to modify the old mechanism that are already in place, like the blowout preventer, and enhance the new ones such as Satellite SAR and OSIS oil spill identification system to cope with issue of oil spills. Finally, government regulations should be strict enough to prevent oil spills. Also, the government and operating companies should work together on how to implement the guidelines better. The scope of this paper will focus more on solution of offshore oil spills.

    11 pages

  • Authenticity in Advertisement


    to gain insight into a current issue in advertising as social communication;
    to become competent in identifying, deconstructing and critiquing advertising codes, conventions and strategies;
    to practice close, textual analysis in the context of larger social issues and past or contemporary cultural trends.
    Basic Requirements (see also General Requirements below)
    Approximately 1800-2400 words or 6-8 pages
    Analyze a small set of ads that are somehow related
    Format according to APA style
    Include a bibliography or works cited page
    Papers will be assessed on their originality, creativity and organization as well as on the demonstrated mastery of basic writing and research skills including: development of a thesis and clear argument, effective use of research sources and relevant advertising examples, and ability to express ideas clearly. Your professor and TA are resources, so is the Student Learning Commons http://learningcommons.sfu.ca. Draw upon those resources early in the writing process.

    Suggestions to guide your analysis:
    You should choose your ads carefully; select ads that will allow you to make substantial and relevant arguments about past or recent trends in advertising and consumer culture.
    For this longer paper, 3-4 ads is probably ideal but you might choose fewer or more depending on your topic and findings. More print ads, fewer TV ads is a good rule. Keep your analysis focused on your arguments. You will not be able to say everything there is to be said about 4 or 5 ads unless you focus on the most relevant issues and develop these into a thesis.
    If you chose television advertising, you will need to access to multiple viewing; working from memory of an ad seen on TV will not be adequate.
    This is to be a critical analysis; you will be required to provide a reading of the ads based on argument. Do not duplicate the rhetoric of the ads; I want to hear your voice, not the ads’. Emphasize analysis rather than description. In other words, in addition to briefly describing what is in the ad, analyze how and why things are significant.
    Begin the process with your observations and from those develop specific, arguments and substantial conclusions. Spend very little space describing the ads. Please include originals or photocopies of any print ads you write about or provide links to television ads. If you encounter a problem with access or references, email jkb9@sfu.ca
    Make claims as to the significance of the ads and the strategies they employ. You must go well beyond such observational and obvious statements as “sex sells,” “it is eye-catching,” “it grabs your attention” or “it is designed to sell product x” (in fact, avoid such simplistic, observational and clichéd phrases at all costs). If an ad breaks with convention or uses a particular strategy to stand out in the cluttered landscape of advertising, your task is not to simply identify such strategies but rather, like all the authors we have read, to make arguments about the significance of its particular strategies.
    Use the methods and ideas from the course readings and lectures. Use only those methods and ideas that are relevant to the ads you will analyze.
    Some Topic ideas

    How is authenticity used in advertising?
    What forms does authenticity take?
    How is it coded: what social, photographic, televisual codes are used?
    How does an ad or ads differentiate “authentic” products from mass production?
    How is the production process represented?
    How does artisanal or craft values operate in the promotion of mass produced goods?
    How does authenticity reinforce the ideology of consumer culture?
    Find an example of a social or cultural space that is branded and discuss its implications with reference to Moor.

    General Requirements:
    1. Some ground rules when writing on advertising:
    When analyzing advertising do not use the words “reality” or “real.” Realism is okay.
    Never write about the effects of advertising on its viewers or audience; remember this is about social communication, not individual psychology.
    This may be about social communication, but avoid that vague word “society.” Be specific about what social structures and what social institutions are relevant to your analysis: patriarchy, traditional cultures, the advertising industry, advertisers, etc. Don’t say: “society limits roles for women.” Do say, “these advertisements represent women in traditional, patriarchal roles as wife and homemaker.” Don’t say: “Society encourages us all to be consumers.” Do say: “Advertising addresses us as consumers, rarely citizens.
    Avoid all metaphors of reflection; use metaphors of representation.

    2. Draw upon the ideas and methods of relevant course readings/lectures incorporating them into your own analysis. Your primary research is watching TV/youtube, reading magazines and scouring the internet for relevant advertisements. While outside research is not required, it is encouraged and will enhance your grade. It is appropriate and expected that you borrow ideas so long as you cite your sources. See the MLA Handbook or any other style guide for proper format of references. Underline or italicize
    titles of books, advertisements, TV shows, journals or magazines, put individual episodes or article titles in quotation marks. Plagiarism shows a lack of integrity, is dishonest, and is poor scholarship. The minimum penalty for plagiarism is an F on the assignment.
    Academic sources can be found on the Internet – start with google scholar. Wikipedia is a great tool and a good starting point but it is not an appropriate source for academic papers. Other kinds of Internet sources should only be used as examples of your arguments; approach them critically. Avoid citing journalistic or personal opinions unless they are evidence of an argument about reception. Advertising trade journals can be a great source can give you insight into strategies, target audiences and how advertisers understand those audiences. But be aware that advertisers will make exaggerated claims about the effectiveness of their campaigns. Advertising trade journals offer insight into how advertisers see and understand their audiences, they tell us nothing about the actual audience. Treat this information as you do the ads themselves, with a critical attitude – just like Marchand does.

    3. Be sure your introduction clearly sets out your thesis or main argument. Make sure your introduction contains a precise, concise thesis statement. Be sure to signal to the reader exactly what you propose to argue in the main body of your paper.
    In the introduction you should use only two or three sentences to describe the set of ads you are working with. Here an example of a brief description of a set of ads:

    This paper will study seven advertisements taken from 3 mainstream woman’s magazines: Marie Claire, Cosmopolitan and Elle. These ads are for a wide range of products that pertain to body care: fashion, fitness, make-up, health spas, food, hair, skin care and diet services. Despite their obvious differences in the products advertised, they all employ a similar strategy. They all represent women’s empowerment at the workplace or within male/female relationships and suggest that the purchase of their products can serve as a catalyst for that empowerment. [Notice how this moves from description directly into an argument.]

    Your thesis should be an argument, not an observation:

    To signify feminism, these ads all assemble signs that connote sexual independence, participation in the work force, individual freedom and self-control. All these ads offer the means by which women, through the selection and purchase of appropriate goods, can negotiate the difficult contradiction between validation through will-power and self-discipline and the achievement of individual freedom and social equality. These ads are part of a consistently contradictory message in advertising aimed at modern women: that self-discipline equals freedom and that self-denial equals equality. This contradiction has its basis in a reframing of feminism as individuated self-empowerment so that the political logic of feminism can be reworked to fit in with the individualized logic of commodity relations.

    [A thesis should establish important arguments and make claims as to the significance of your findings. Notice how an observation quickly moves to analysis and then to substantial argument.]

    Following paragraphs should offer fully developed arguments that support your main thesis. Most paragraphs should be at least 4 or 5 sentences long or about half a page. Conclude with a summary of your arguments and a restatement, in different words, of your thesis. I hate writing conclusions too but it must be done. Rewrite your introduction after you finish the paper.

    4. You will not be judged on your opinions, but on your arguments. Begin with insights and arguments and support those with observations and conclusions. Take a stand; challenge yourself and your readers toward new insights and ideas. A string of observations does not constitute an academic paper. Description should always be in the service of analysis. Only describe elements, images, layout, narrative structure, etc. when you need to support an argument. In order of importance: 1) arguments, 2) analysis, 3) observation.

    5. Avoid informal language: “basically,” “I mean,” and vague terms: “society,” “the media,” “the viewers,” etc.

    6. Be careful with first person pronouns; focus attention on your arguments about advertising or issue in question, not on yourself or your process of writing this assignment. As long as you don’t write about yourself or the process of writing, 1st person is okay. To say “I will argue that…” is to call attention to your argument, rather than yourself. To say “I watched six ads and I noticed how products were always shown…” draws attention to you, not the ads or their structure and strategies.

    7. Demonstrate all the effort, thought and care that went into writing your paper with a good looking presentation. Double space with a 10 or 12 point serif font like Palatino or Times, use one inch margins on all sides, number your pages and staple your paper. Embedded images are cool, plastic covers are not. No folders or paper clips — just a simple staple. If you don’t know how to create a footnote or put automatic page numbers in the margins, learn it now! Don’t you dare graduate without good word processing skills – you’ll be a very unhappy worker on your first day on the job.

    8. Most important: take pride in your ideas and express them in the clearest, most convincing way you can.

    *****Make sure you do not talk about the effect on the consumers and how does advertisement manipulate consumers. However that was the main point for my essay so you will have to delete everything that has mentioned about manipulation. Make sure you also don’t mention the psychologic of why consumer purchase. So basically you need to answer the question above of how authenticity applied into advertisement base on that four ads*****

    Also make sure you talk about the signifier and signified in the ad (check the reading semiotics)

    8 Pages

    APA Format

  • Transportation in Pittsburgh


    The paper describes the transportation system in Pittsburgh

    1 Page

  • Truth in Media Paper


    The purpose of this paper is to review research on the topic of the truth in media regarding personal savings and retirement planning.

    The student will collect 15 articles from popular financial sources that are likely to be read by a potential client. The student will then write a 10-page paper explaining how a financial coach would use the information from class to help a client navigate what they may be hearing in the media when making retirement decisions

    16 Pages

    APA Format

  • Presence of bias in the media


    Presence of bias in the media

    The paper is about Biased media or the presence of bias in the media.

    This assignment asks you to compose a draft of your final Reflective Writing. To help you get started, you might look over your in-class writing exercises. Feel free to borrow a lot (or all) of what’s there. Although this is assumed to be an unfinished product, you should write a complete draft, so that your instructor can give you sufficient feedback before you turn in the final.

    For consideration, here are the Goals and Outcomes for Portfolio Assessment for the Reflective Writing:

    In the portfolio, a writer will present a Reflective Writing that accounts for and evaluates…

    • the evolution of your controlling purpose, through successive revisions, in relation to the project’s audience(s), stakeholders, and your own interests
    • your composing and design strategies, developed through successive revisions, given your rhetorical situation
    • how and why sources were chosen and how you used them in the project
    • your inquiry-based project in relation to your understanding of academic research and writing

    Since the goals do not ask you to necessarily compose what’s called an “essay,” there are several ways in which you might approach this assignment. Some thoughts

    • copy and paste the reflective writings you’ve done throughout the semester in order, providing context about how each one illustrates a stage in your project’s overall evolution, and explaining why your choices throughout that evolution made sense according to the goals and outcomes for portfolio assessment
    • copy and paste successive drafts of your project (there should be at least three) and “sideshadow” my comments, then make your own reflective comments using the comment function on the final draft and focusing on the goals and outcomes for portfolio assessment
    • do a compare/contrast with your final draft and the drafts on which you did peer review writing throughout the semester, highlighting the way you all interpreted the goals and outcomes for portfolio assessment
    • rewrite your paper as a transcript for a panel discussion with you as moderator, and including an introduction (your abstract?) targeted at your audience (the 102 committee), remembering their definition(s) of critical inquiry

    8 pages


  • Relationships between social welfare and crime control


    Relationships between social welfare and  crime control

    How does the notion of harm reveal the entangled relationships between social welfare and  crime control?

    8 pages

  • Rights of the Child between Islamic law and international law


    The Paper is about Rights of the Child between Islamic law and international law. The following is the research outline of the paper.

    • An introduction to child rights in Islamic law and international law.
    • Rights of Unborn Children:
    1. The children right to be with their parents as role models.
    2. The children right to choose an appropriate name.
    • Rights of the child in the media:
    1. The child’s right to receive information and idea.
    2. The child’s right to participate in media programs and provided with information material.
    • Child’s right to preserve his rights legislation:
    1. Sexual harassment.
    2. Human trafficking.

  • Mohican Indians: A Look into Their Past and Present


    Compose a five paragraph essay in MLA style with a Works Cited page that discusses some of the historical facts used by James Fennimore Cooper in his novel, The Last of the Mohicans. As there are too many historical facts in the novel to use in a short essay, limit your choices to those that interest you the most: actual people represented in the novel; actual locations and names of forts and towns; actual battles and various skirmishes and attacks; and so forth. Your essay should be based on research and documentation of the sources you used for your information/quotes in your essay. Feel free to include historical photographs and drawings that you may find during the course of your research.

    2 Pages 2 Visuals/Images

    MLA 3 Citations

  • The Vietnam War’s Power to Transform Characters in The Things They Carried


    The Vietnam War’s Power to Transform Characters in The Things They Carried

    This paper is a literary analysis about the Vietnam War’s Power to transform characters in the book “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’brien.

    Your literary analysis paper should carefully examine one interesting “not so obvious” aspect of your book (theme, character(s), symbolism, etc). This process should help you better appreciate and understand the novel as a whole. You may choose to write on one of the following:

    1. O’Brien says his novel is a “love story.” Discuss why this is true using characters and events from the book to prove your thesis.
    1. Choose one theme from the story. Then discuss how that the theme is explored by present using characters and events to explain it.

    ***Possible themes topics – violence, religion, superstition, revenge, courage, masculinity, innocence, love, guilt, etc.

    1. Discuss how the book examines PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder).
    2. O’Brien uses many examples of horrific images in war, but contrasts them by writing about beautiful images as well. Discuss why O’Brien includes these polar opposites in his book.
    1. War changes people. Choose three/four characters from the novel and discuss how they are changed. Be sure to include how O’Brien describes them early on and then how they are affected over time by the events that surround or involve them.
    1. Discuss the role of women in the novel. What do they represent? How do they control, affect, change or alter the events and/or male characters in the story? You are welcome to come up with your own analytical approach and topic, just make sure you have my approval first. YOU CANNOT WRITE YOUR ESSAY ON“WEIGHT” SINCE WE ALREADY DISCUSSED THIS AT LENGTH. Keep in mind that the success of this essay is based on the clarity and sufficiency of its examples.

    This kind of writing demands tight organization and control. Therefore, your essay must

    (1) cover the topic you are writing about, (2) have a central idea (stated in your thesis), (3) quote from the novel for each claim you present, (4) provide thorough analysis of intext citations, (5) be organized so that everything contributes something to the reader’s understanding of the central idea. Avoid being general in your writing. Avoid presenting the obvious—break the surface, go in-depth with your analysis, fish out the invisible, show me what you have found hiding in the crevices of the story! Avoid summarizing parts of the book just to fill up pages! Every sentence and thought must contribute to the thesis!

    Your essay MUST be at least at least 5 FULL pages in length (without counting the works cited page). It MUST have a thesis statement, body (several paragraphs), and a conclusion. You MUST examine at least five stories in the book. You MUST have a working title that describes the nature of your topic. You MUST quote from your book in order to defend your thesis and all claims you present. A works cited page MUST be attached. Yes, everything must be in MLA format. You must include at least 6 outside sources.

    Your rough draft must be typed, double-spaced, 12 size font, Times New Roman. Please bring 3 copies to workshop on the workshop date (failure to do so will result in a 10 pt. deduction from the final grade).

    I will grade your essay with attention to (1) clarity, (2) coherence, (3) logical organization, (4) accuracy and correctness, (5) sufficiency, and (6) style. As always, spelling, grammar, and punctuation must be in good standing. Errors in MLA formatting will affect the overall grade.

    7 pages