Religion and Sociology

Religion and Sociology

Showing 46–54 of 372 results

  • Bullying cause emotional problems


    Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagers

    1. Assignment

    Question 1                                                                                         

    Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin and Patton: Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagers

    from the British Medical Journal 2001 ; Vol 323, 1st September page 480-484 (also available online through and answer the questions below.

    Statement of objectives

    • What were the investigators’ aims and objectives? If they are not stated explicitly in the paper, what do you think they were?
    • What was the hypothesis that the authors were testing? If no hypothesis is stated, what do you think it was?

    Study design

    • What type of study was carried out? The name of a study type as stated by the investigators (eg randomised controlled trial) is not sufficient, describe in your own words what they did. Do you think the study design is appropriate to the aims and objectives?
    • What other study designs could have been used? Discuss the advantage and disadvantages of each.

    Target/reference population

    • What is an appropriate target/reference population for this study? (That is, to whom did the investigators want to generalise the results?)

    Source/sampled population

    • Describe the source or sampled population from which sample was drawn. Is this an appropriate choice? Are there any potential biases introduced through specific groups being missed or under-presented?

    Sample frame

    • Did the investigators use a sample frame? If so, describe the sample frame and comment on its appropriateness. If not, what would you recommend as a sample frame and why?

    Sample selection

    • How was the study sample selected? Is this an appropriate sampling strategy? What, if any, are the potential biases in the sample selection?

    Method of measurement

    • What method(s) was (were) used to obtain data from the sample? Comment on the appropriateness of the method(s). Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of other methods that could have been used.

    Measurement instrument

    • How were the main variables of interest measured? Were valid and reliable measures obtained? What were the main outcome (dependent) variable(s) and study factors (or exposures or independent variables) of interest?

    Statistical analysis

    • Suppose that you were assisting the authors with the data analysis and had to help them with the interpretation of the findings. Describe in your own words the results presented in Table 1 to Table 4.

    Authors’ conclusions

    • What were the main conclusions drawn by the authors? Are they justified? Based on your reading of the paper, do you agree with them?
  • Research Assignment – Essay on Cultural Differences


    Assessment Item: Research Assignment – Essay on Cultural Differences

    Length: 1,400 words (excluding reference list) plus or minus 10% as per standard university policy.

    Essay Topic:
    Select a European country and an Asian country and using the academic literature examine the impact of cultural differences on the negotiation process. Outline the cultural characteristics of each country and then provide a comparative analysis of how these cultural characteristics impact upon how they negotiate. Provide relevant examples from the academic literature and/or the contemporary world.

    The assignment must be in essay format (not report format) using complete sentences and paragraphs. Headings are acceptable and encouraged. You may include tables and diagrams if you wish. This is an individual assessment submission NOT a group submission.

    Introduction: a succinct outline of the aims, purpose and structure of the paper and short summary of conclusions reached. An introduction in papers of this length is usually only one or two paragraphs. Your introduction must include a brief discussion of what you will discuss in your essay.
    Body of the paper: the analysis. The social sciences technique of analysing involves more than just describing what happened. In this course, it is used to explain why events occurred, and to suggest implications of the events. The purpose of conceptual literature generally in the social sciences is broadly twofold: to predict and/or explain. The analysis in this paper must use the negotiation conceptual literature to answer the question. It is useful to critically evaluate the literature according to your experiences of negotiation inside as well as outside the classroom – did your experiences differ from the analysis in the literature? If so how? Rely on your own observations, but ensure that you support them by referring to the academic literature.
    Conclusion: Some concluding statements which summarise your overall evaluation. It should be a paragraph which restates your argument and sums up your principal conclusions in the paper. The conclusion should not introduce any new material or quotes.

    The in-text citations and reference list for your essay should be consistent. You should use a minimum of 25 academic sources. Below in this document is an explanation as to different types of sources. It will help you understand what is and what is not considered an academic source. Please speak to your tutor or the convenor if you are still unsure. Students may use some non-academic sources in the essay if they choose, but should still include a minimum of 10 academic sources for the essay to be acceptable. Students should attempt to go beyond the text and materials provided on the Learning@Griffith Course Website, such as lecture notes.
    Please note that references to Wikipedia or other non-academic sources are not acceptable for analysis. Non-academic online references may only be used to illustrate examples or comparisons, and must include the URL and details in accordance with the guidelines.
    Students may choose either of the Harvard or APA referencing style. Information on both the Harvard and APA style of referencing is available on the Learning@Griffith Course Website under the link to the GBS resource bank.

  • Social Role of Canadian Women during and after the War


    Social Role of Canadian Women during and after the War

    Write an essay of approximately 1500-2000 words that covers a topic of importance in the history of women’s work. For example, you may want to compare the work situations of different women, learn more about the pay and working conditions of young women in early factories, or examine the attitudes and expectations relative to motherhood in early 20th-century Canada.

  • Similarities and Difference of Ideas and Ideals of Love


    Similarities and Difference of Ideas and Ideals of Love: The Bachelor: Season 18 and Pride and Prejudice

    Essay Assignment – Essay Two

    Essay Two Assignment:

    Instructions: the essay should take into account any advice or feedback received regarding the preparation assignment. It should be approximately 1800 – 2000 words in length, and it should conform to MLA guidelines for format, citation, and documentation. In the essay, you must make use of (cite) at least one appropriate scholarly secondary source. You may find it necessary to use additional, non-academic sources as well. These should also be carefully cited in conformation with MLA guidelines. Your essay should be academic in tone and style, and should have a title, an introduction, a clear and specific thesis statement, topic sentences, compelling support, and a concise conclusion.


    1. Write an essay in which you compare The Bachelor: Season 18 with Pride and Prejudice. Consider similarities and differences between the two texts in the way in which they present ideas and ideals of love, as well as the issues or difficulties that threaten this love. The creation of resolution in the two works might also be worth thinking about.
  • The Significance of Letters in “Pride and Prejudice”


    The Significance of Letters in “Pride and Prejudice”

    Your essay should have three parts: an introductory paragraph, a body containing fully developed paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph. Following is a general guide for what to include in each section of your essay.

    In your introductory paragraph:

    • Introduce Pride and Prejudice and its author.
    • Identify clearly your essay topic.
    • Include a strong thesis statement on the topic.
    • Forecast the main stages of your analysis.

    In your analysis in the body of your essay:

    • Make effective use of topic sentences to identify the main ideas of your analysis.
    • Support your comments with evidence (paraphrase and direct quotations) from the novel.
    • Explain the significance of each piece of evidence you present as it relates to your thesis.
    • Identify the sources of all your quotations with parenthetical in-text citations.
    • Contribute to your reader’s understanding of the novel as a whole.

    In your concluding paragraph:

    • Summarize the main stages of your analysis.
    • Restate your thesis in different words.
  • Social Worker Role Minimizing Suicide Attempts Transgender Youth


    Social Worker Role Minimizing Suicide Attempts Transgender Youth

    Final Paper:

    The purpose of the final paper and oral presentation is to integrate knowledge gained over the course of Senior Seminar and the student’s cumulative educational and field experiences in the social work program. Specifically, this assignment aims:

    1. To facilitate the display of in-depth knowledge about some contemporary area of social work policy practice, and/or social issue of concern.
    2. To create an opportunity for students to demonstrate their ability to access and integrate research and theoretical literature, and to appropriately apply that knowledge to social work practice.
    3. To reflect critical thinking ability.
    4. To display the ability to write clearly, and organize complex, intellectual material.
    5. To consider the value of the contribution of new knowledge to social work as a discipline and a practice.

    Your proposed topic for your final paper and presentation is to be decided upon, in consultation with your professor. Generally, the final paper and oral presentation is expected to focus on a micro, mezzo or macro problem or issue that has generated concern for you–the student. The topic may or may not be directly tied to a student’s current field placement, but should draw on field experience. If you do not choose a macro focus, the student must especially discuss his/her interest with the professor.  Examples include: Psychosocial Social Work Practice for the Beginning Generalist (micro); Vineland City’s School Social Worker Advocates Against Gang Violence (mezzo); America’s War on Poverty: Fifty Years Later (macro). The student is expected to clearly identify the focus (topic) of the paper, provide a historical summary which speaks to when and how the issue emerged as a concern for the social work profession, review all relevant literature, reference theoretical materials which offer explanatory supports, identify relevant social policy influences, programs and service interventions, and describe the success or failures of current initiatives.

    Outline for Final Paper Content Areas:

    I. Introduction and Overview
    • Describe the problem, issue, or practice concern.
    • Describe the relevance to social work practice.

    II. Background/History
    • Identify when this issue emerged as a concern for social work.
    • Identify target area/population.
    • Describe past initiatives that addressed the problem area.
    • What are the diversity intersections/multicultural practice issues that require consideration?
    • What are the current major social/professional concerns?

    III. Theory
    • What theory (s) best explain, interpret or predict the problem, issue you identified?
    • How does this theory influence your thinking about how to intervene to alleviate the problem, issue?

    IV. Literature Review
    • Who are the contributing researchers, scholars, social work professionals to this issue? Which other disciplines are interested in this issue?
    • How does the empirical literature describe the problem, issue and social work intervention? (ex. does it support or refute current interventions used in the field?)

    V. Describe interventions
    • What has been done to address the problem, issue identified?
    • Explain the success or failure of past initiatives.
    • Offer your recommendations for effective change.

    VI. Policy
    • What policy(s) is important to understand in relationship to the problem, issue?
    • How has the policy influenced the creation of programs, social work intervention and/or the delivery of services?

    VII. Conclusions
    • Summarize the significant findings of your research and how they could make a contribution to social work knowledge and practice.

    • The paper should clearly identify the topic/focus and its relevance to contemporary social work practice.
    • Describe the history, theories, programs and policy influences on the selected problem/issue.
    • Use the American Psychological Association Manual of Style (APA) format
    • Type, a 15 page, double-spaced paper and use 12 point font
    • Cover and reference pages will not count as part of the required 15 pages
    • Students are required to have a minimum of 8-10 empirical journal references.

  • Mandarin Chinese Speakers’ Pronunciation of English Initial Consonant Clusters


    An Investigation of Mandarin Chinese Speakers’ Pronunciation of English Initial Consonant Clusters

    Sample Paper
    One individual research report on a topic of: Pronunciation comparison of Hong Kong accent English and China accent English: based on Hong Kong International kindergarten students

    This paper is to analyze the segmental phonological features of recorded speech.

    Approximately 3000 words

    Structure of the research paper:

    1. Abstract
      Literature Review
    2. Methodology
    3. Word list reading.
    4. Sentence list reading.
    5. Results
    6. Discussion
    7. Replacement
    8. Conclusion
    9. References
    10. Appendix A: Word List (two-member onsets)
    11. Appendix B: Sentence List
    12. Appendix C
    13. Appendix D
    14. Appendix E

    Points to note

    Be specific:

    • individual sound(s) (e.g. /n/ vs /l/ ) or initial consonant cluster (e.g. /pl/)


    • primary stress (e.g. OBJect vs obJECT)
    • rising / falling tone for items in a list pausing to convey meaning
    • explain the phonological features with knowledge and professional language (e.g. phonology-related terminologies for the segmental features
    • IPA transcriptions to show the proper pronunciation and the problems, etc.).

    Strategies / activities: be specific

    (e.g. a task sheet.), avoid being general or, related to the phonological features identified

    Clear description of the strategies

    clearly state the procedure of the activity/task (can be in bullet points) / attach task sheets, etc.

    justify the choice of the proposed strategies

    how can the strategy / activity help the learner learn & practise the target feature

    1. of task(s) ?? quality > quantity
    • indicate the number of words used at the end of the assignment, excluding the references and appendices.
    • uses the American Psychological Association (APA) citation system.

    2016 Suggested Readings:

    1. McDowell, H. J.,& Lorch, M. P.(2008). Phonemic Awareness in Chinese L1 Readers of English: Not Simply an Effect of Orthography. TESOL Quarterly, 42(3), 495-513.
    2. Deterding, D, Wong, J., and Kirkpatrick, A (2008). The Pronunciation of Hong Kong English. English World-wide 29 (2): 148-175
    3. Oladipupo, R. O. (2015). A comparative study of connected speech features in Nigerian English & Received Pronunciation. English Today, 31, 21-29.
    4. Jenkins, J. (2002). A sociolinguistically-based, empirically-researched pronunciation syllabus for English as an International Language, Applied Linguistics 23(1), 83-103.
    5. Wang, M. J., & Chen, H-C. (2009). Pedagogical practice and students’ perceived effectiveness of web-based automated speech evaluation. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 6(4), 217-243.
    6. Saito, K. (2011). Examining the role of explicit phonetic instruction in native-like and comprehensible pronunciation development: an instructed SLA approach to phonology. Language Awareness, 20(1), 45–59.
  • Origins of yoga and how it is practiced today


    Origins of yoga and how it is practiced today

    Explore the origins of yoga and compare how is was practiced in ancient India with how it is practiced today. What makes yoga so important for Hinduism?

    Research the following topic and write a short essay of about three paragraphs (at least 250 words). With your essay please submit a list of references to the sources that you researched (including your textbook, Instructor’s Highlights, youtubes, web sources, etc.)  Use your textbook and Instructor’s Highlights as your primary sources. Avoid wikipedia. This list of references is REQUIRED.


  • Collin’s View of social change


    Collin’s View of social change


    1. Introduction
      1. Definition of social changes
      2. The evolution of social changes
      3. The causes of social changes
    2. Literature review
      1. The social changes
      2. Conflict sociology
      3. Marx and Weber theories on social change
      4. Collins review on the conflict theory
    3. Conflict sociology
      1. The conflict theory
      2. Capitalism as the cause of social conflict
      3. How the conflict theory differs with structural functionalism
    4. Marx conflict theory
      1. The concept of the production process
      2. How capitalism is defined by the social classes
      3. The class consciousness
      4. The development of class conflicts
      5. The change of system and adoption of socialism
    5. Weber’s theory on social changes
      1. His opinion difference with Karl Marx
      2. The theory of rationalization
      3. The bureaucratic organization
      4. Effects of religion on social changes
    6. Collin’s view on social changes
      1. The social stratification and its premises
      2. Macro and micro social interactions
      3. Inequality and social conflicts
    7. Reaction
    8.   References

    13 Pages